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Chinkapin Oak

Chinkapin Oak

Chinkapin Oak (Quercus muehlenbergii)

Chinkapin Oak
Quercus muehlenbergii
(KWER-kus mew-len-BERG-ee-eye)

Chinquapin Oak, Bray Oak, Chestnut Oak, Rock Chestnut, Rock Oak or Yellow Oak

Family
Fagaceae (white oak group)

Description
A Texas Superstar, this native tree is suitable for planting across much of Texas.  Chinkapin oaks have a graceful look at all stages of growth.

Plant habit
Medium to large shade tree, upright canopy develops into an open, rounded form as it matures.

Landscape use
An ideal size and shape for most residential structures, provides food and shelter to a variety of beneficial insects and wildlife

Average mature size
60’ tall x 35’ wide

Growth rate
Fast when young, slower as matures

Sun exposure
Sun

Soil requirements
Adaptable to a wide range of conditions, including alkaline soils

Water requirements
Adaptable, but prefers well-drained soils, drought tolerant once established

Heat tolerance
High

Foliage
Deciduous, dark green, glossy, saw-toothed leaves, 4-6” long, bronze to yellow fall color

Flowers
Inconspicuous

Blooming period
Spring

Fruit characteristics
Acorns, deep purple when ripe, are known for their sweetness and are particularly attractive to wildlife

Pests and disease
None serious; less susceptible to oak wilt than most red and live oaks

Other
Consider provenance (origin) of the tree; purchase a tree grown from a regional seed source to ensure adaptability, as nursery stock of unknown origin may not survive (ask your nursery professional).  Transplant shock may occur in the fi rst year or two; use nursery grown container plants

“An outstanding, but less common oak for landscape use.” – Neil Sperry, Neil Sperry’s Complete Guide to Texas Gardening.