Introduced from China, this is the ugly duckling of trees: gawky, awkward and lopsided when young, maturing into a symmetrical form with an umbrella-like crown
Medium sized shade tree
Plant as a specimen tree or group several informally to provide an attractive fall foliage display. An ideal specimen for a xeric garden.
Average mature size
60’ tall x 50’ wide
Moderate to fast. Relatively long lived.
Sun, part sun/shade
Tolerates most soils, including those in urban conditions. Develops a deep root system; does not usually interfere with foundations.
Low; prefers dry conditions
Deciduous, deep green, pinnately compound leaves with a mild radish-like fragrance when crushed. Autumn hues can range from yellow, gold, salmon, orange, red, scarlet, crimson and maroon, often a brilliant mix on one tree.
Dioecious; flowers only on female trees. Inconspicuous, green/white flowers
Zigzag branching and exfoliating bark provide winter interest
Female trees produce red-orange fruit that ripen to purple in the fall, not usually a maintenance issue. Attracts birds and other wildlife.
Pests and disease
Pruning may be necessary early on to develop a symmetrical structure
“Add one or more of these trees to your landscape, especially if your space is limited and you want a tough, trouble-free tree for fall color.” – Dale Groom, Dale Groom’s Texas Gardening Guide