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Bald Cypress

Bald Cypress

Bald Cypress (Taxodium distichum)

Bald Cypress
Taxodium distichum
(Taks-OH-de-um DIS-tik-um)

Bald Cypress, River Cypress, White Cypress, Yellow Cypress, Red Cypress, Black Cypress, Southern Cypress, Tidewater Cypress, Gulf Cypress, Sabino Tree

Family
Taxodiaceae

Bald cypresses with a central Texas provenance generally out perform those from Louisiana swamps or the gulf coast which are less tolerant of alkaline soil.

Description
This ancient tree is native to our region. It can live for centuries and might grow 150 feet tall and spread as wide.

Landscape use
Plant as a specimen for a tall focal point or in a group for a robust yet delicately-textured screen. Locate carefully; provide ample space away from structures and utilities

Average mature size
70’ tall x 40’ wide

Growth rate
Slow to fast, depending on water availability and soil fertility, Extremely long lived

Sun exposure
Sun

Soil requirements
Acidic to neutral; can become chlorotic in highly alkaline soils

Water requirements
Thrives in waterlogged sites; develops root “knees” when planted near water or in poorly-drained sites (beware if planted in a mown lawn). Tolerates dry conditions; drought tolerant once established

Heat tolerance
High; adapts to urban conditions (reflected street heat and polluted air)

Foliage
Deciduous, dark green needles; delicate, feathery texture, Yellow-bronze-brown fall color

Flowers
Inconspicuous, brownish

Blooming period
Spring

Fruit characteristics
Wrinkled, rounded cones

Pests and disease
None serious; stressed plants may attract bagworms, spider mites, or develop crown gall. Resistant to cotton root rot.

Other
Consider provenance (origin) of the tree; purchase a tree grown from a regional seed source to ensure adaptability, as nursery stock of unknown origin may not survive (ask your nursery professional)